What is r&d ?
The reference document used to characterize the notion of Research and Development in Europe
and France is the Frascati Manual (6th-2002-OECD). Research activities are defined as follows :
- Activities with a basic character of research, which bring theoretical or experimental contributions to solving technical problems, and contribute to the analysis of properties, structures, physical and natural phenomena, in order to organize by using explanatory diagrams or interpretative theories, the facts emerging from this analysis;
- Activities with the character of applied research aimed to identify possible applications of the results of basic research, or to find new solutions enabling the company to achieve specific objectives that may be chosen in advance. The result of applied research comprises a probationary product model, operation or method
- Activities of experimental nature, of development operations carried out by means of prototypes or pilot plants, in order to gather all the necessary information to provide the technical elements required for the decisions, or for the production of new materials, devices, products, processes, systems, services, or, for their substantial improvement. The phrase « For substantial improvement » means the changes that do not arise from a simple use of the state of existing technologies, but which present novelty.
The impact of R & D activities carried out by Synchrone technologies is visible at all levels within the company. We recall :
- On the production side, R & D improves the efficiency of processes involved in production with creative innovations.
- On trade, R & D Development will allow Synchrone Technologies to differentiate its offering and create additional value for the customer.
- On the financial side, R & D is seen as a necessary investment. When brought to completion, the research will allow our company to make a profit, then reinvest in new projects.
- At the strategic level, R & D allows Synchrone technologies to develop with specificity and to differentiate themselves from competitors.
Continuous improvement process
of Research & Development
Innovation is a quality, not a function
Types of innovations
Research & Development function gathers all the processes which, starting from basic research or invention, assure its industrial feasibility. So this is for all steps to move from research laboratory to industrial production in the factory.
The Research & Development is therefore developing innovations, which are the industrial and commercial applications of a discovery or invention.
Already in 1912, Schumpeter distinguished five types of innovations:
- The product innovation: the marketing of new products or improved products (DVD player)
- Process innovation: use of new production methods (thermo-packing)
- Innovation opportunities: discovering new markets for existing products (truck sales to large families and not only for professionals)
- Commercial innovation: use of new methods of marketing and distribution (Internet sales)
- Organizational innovation: changes in the structure or operation of the business (network development ventures).